Most of the GM biotechnology debates focuses on the multinationals. Although these are doing quite interesting work in terms of traits and crops -and would view them as future strategic partners for many research organizations around the world- my main concern are the public sector and small private firms in developed and developing countries, who are more likely to be working in those crops and traits of a public nature. I am talking about crops and traits that may have food security importance and who may be relevant to resource poor smallholders globally.

Here are three example of a small firms of public sector organizations trying to move their technology through the regulatory process in their respective jurisdictions. Artic Apples(R), Arcadia Biosciences, EMBRAPA are just some examples of such quest.