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“Estimates and implications of the costs of compliance with biosafety regulations in developing countries”
Volume 3, Issue 1, January/February/March 2012
Jose Falck Zepeda1,* Jose Yorobe, Jr.,2 Bahagiawati Amir Husin3, Abraham Manalo4, Erna Lokollo5, Godfrey Ramon4, Patricia Zambrano1, and Sutrisno3

1 International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); Washington, D.C. USA
2 Agricultural Economics; University of the Philippines, Los Banos; Los Banos, Laguna Philippines;
3 ICABIOGRAD Indonesia; Bogor, Indonesia
4 Biotechnology Coalition of the Philippines; Quezon City, Philippines;
5 Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Sustainable Agriculture (CAPSA);
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP); Bogor, Indonesia

Estimating the cost of compliance with biosafety regulations is important as it helps developers focus their investments in producer development. We provide estimates for the cost of compliance for a set of technologies in Indonesia, the Philippines and other countries. These costs vary from US $100,000 to 1.7 million. These are estimates of regulatory costs and do not include product development or deployment costs. Cost estimates need to be compared with potential gains when the technology is introduced in these countries and the gains in knowledge accumulate during the biosafety assessment process. Although the cost of compliance is important, time delays and uncertainty are even more important and may have an adverse impact on innovations reaching farmers.

For a summary and ahead of print online version of the article click here