The inception meeting was an opportunity to establish links with an ongoing IDRC project lead by University of the Philippines Los Baños School of Public Policy to be implemented in Southeast Asia examining the potential dissemination of GE crops in the region and other important actors in the socio economic arena.
The findings in this study will inform agriculture policy design and encourage gender and health sensitive policies that will direct agricultural innovations to women and men farmers equally, for beneficial impacts to the overall economy. The findings will also demonstrate the importance of developing technology traits suited specifically to the needs of women farmers. Overall, the study will provide valuable information to other nations moving towards post-commercialization of GE crops and other biotechnologies that may be released in developing countries.
The gender component of the project has two distinct, yet interrelated objectives. The two objectives are:
i) To examine the gender differentiated issues that may affect adoption and use of GE crops in developing countries; and ii) to examine the gender differentiated impacts derived from the adoption of GE crops in developing countries.
To examine the first objective, the proposed study will examine social, economic and institutional factors that differentiate women and men’s attitudes, risk perception toward agricultural biotechnology in general and GE crops in particular, as well as, adoption and use. To accomplish this objective, the study will provide insight to the multiple variables that act to influence women and men’s knowledge of GE technologies, and provide a more comprehensive understanding of how that knowledge may influence their attitude towards agricultural biotechnology and GE crops, and ultimately impact their farming practices and adoption/use impact. This study will make clear the barriers that may, or may not, exist for women and men farmers to adopt and use GE technologies in countries where the technologies have already been introduced and commercialized.
The following research questions will be investigated:
- How does gender differentiated access and control of resources and information affect the adoption and impact of genetically modified crops?
- What are the female household characteristics that affect access and control of resources and information and how does it affect the adoption and impact of genetically engineered crops.
- What are the gender-differentiated attitudes–including impact of risk perceptions and preferences- towards GE crops that have an effect on the adoption and impact of GE crops?
To examine the second objective the proposed study will examine the gender differentiated roles in decision making, incorporate effects on productive inputs and then estimate impacts from using the technology. The study will consider economic impacts, but is likely to also include changes in income, health, nutrition, labor practices and social norms.
The following research question will be investigated:
- What are the differences between and among female and male farmers regarding the access to services and agricultural inputs, including genetically modified seeds?
We will explore one cross sectional research question:
- How do the institutional issues (policies, regulations and actors) affect differently men and women on the adoption and impact of genetically modified crops?